The router or broadband modem is a device which allows communication between the various devices in your local home network – wherein the router acts as a hub linking all the devices to each other, and the internet. Moreover, routers acts as a line of defence from outside attacks. These routers act as residential gateways and the IP address, 192.168.1.254 is the default identifier of this gateway. Depending on the manufacturer, most routers have their own sets of default IP addresses.
An IP address is like a phone number used by your device to contact and communicate with other devices on the network. Without it, your computer would know how to navigate the internet, what to look out for, and where to look for it. An IP address can be Private, Public, Dynamic and Static. Private IP addresses are used inside a local network, this can be your home, office or even your college. This is used for devices to communicate with the router and with every device connected to the router. The private address is usually assigned by the router, but it can also be manually assigned. Public IP addresses are used for devices to connect to the internet and the rest of the devices in the outside world. Dynamic or static IP addresses are dependent on whether they are DHCP enabled.
192.168.1.254 Admin Login, Username Password :
192.168.1.254 is a standard IP address used by companies like D-Link, Motorola, MSI, Siemens, and ZTE. It is defined by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) as a private address, which is included in a range of addresses specifically blocked away for private use. These are used in homes, small businesses or colleges and can only access the internet if they are made to go through a Network Address Translation (NAT) that allows a device to access the internet while using a private IP address.
Any device on a local network can also communicate with any device also connected to that network. The 192.168.1.254 IP address belongs to your router, which then assigns a unique ID to your devices so as to prevent IP address conflicts. These conflicts can prevent any devices involved in the conflict to be unable to use the network. Other common IP addresses used as a default by routers and broadband modems are 192.168.1.1 and 192.168.0.1
The ranges for private IP addresses are as follows:
- 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
- 169.254.0.0 to 169.254.255.255
- 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
- 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
You can find your public IP address simply by searching for it on Google. However, finding your private IP address requires a bit more work depending on the OS running on your device:
- Windows users can access their device’s IP address through Command Prompt using the ‘ipconfig’ command.
- In Linux, launch a terminal window and enter ‘hostname – I’, ‘ifconfig’ or ‘ip addr show’.
- For macOS, use ‘ifconfig’ to find your private IP address.
- Any of Apple’s mobile devices display their IP addresses through the Settings app in the Wi-Fi menu.
- You can find local IP addresses on Android devices through Settings > Wireless Controls > Wi-Fi settings.
The router setup can be accessed through your browser. Type in your IP address (assumed here to be 192.168.1.254) in the URL window. When the admin page shows up, enter the user ID and password. Following are some combinations for the default passwords and login IDs for most manufacturers:
- Digicom – Login: admin, Password: michelangelo
Login: user, Password: user
- Thomson – Login: user, Password: user
- Motorola – Login: admin, password: password
Login: blank, Password: Motorola
Login: admin, Password: admin
- D-Link – Login: admin, Password: telus
- Linksys – Login: admin, Password: *blank*
As you can see, the default login ID and password are very weak and easily hackable. You will need to change these to make your network security less vulnerable.
Access the Router admin panel by entering your router’s IP address in your browser’s URL. The router will then ask for a username and password. Use any of the passwords in the list above, or check your router for the password. You can also find it online or on the manufacturer’s website.
Once inside the configuration page, enter the admin page and create a strong password, using special characters and mixing the cases. In case you ever forget your password, you can always press the reset button on the back of your router and hold it for 30 seconds. This will reset your router to the factory settings.